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what is the difference between genteic engineering and biotechnology?

i have been studying genetics for my exams and i am confusing biotechnology with genetic engineering...i need specific definitions ..of the two terms...thanks

Genetic engineering, recombinant DNA technology, genetic modification (GM) and gene splicing are terms that are applied to the manipulation of genes, generally implying that the process is outside the organism's natural reproductive process. It involves the isolation, manipulation and reintroduction of DNA into cells or model organisms, usually to express a protein. The aim is to introduce new characteristics or attributes physiologically or physically, such as making a crop resistant to herbicide, introducing a novel trait or enhancing existing ones, or producing a new protein or enzyme. Successful endevours include the manufacture of human insulin by bacteria, the manufacture of erythropoietin in Chinese hamster ovary cells, and the production of new types of experimental mice such as the OncoMouse (cancer mouse) for research.

Human genetic engineering refers to the controlled modification of the human genome, which is the genome of Homo sapiens composed of 23 pairs of chromosomes with a total of approximately 3 billion DNA base pairs containing an estimated 20,000-25,000 genes. DNA provides the genetic blueprint for all living organisms and can influence individuals' actions and abilities. With the advent of DNA research and the ability to change gene expressions, it is now possible that scientists may be able to change human capacities, whether they be physical, cognitive, or emotional. Human genetic engineering is still in its infancy, however, with current research generally restricted to animals or gene therapy.

Biological technology is technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity has come up with one of many definitions of biotechnology


Other answers:

From: tebogo
please tell me the danger of genetic engneering

From: Sarthak
what is the exact difference between :
(a) biotech (b) nanotech (c) biochemistry (d) genetic engineering?
also, i want to do a career in biotech / genetic engineering future. in next 8 - 10 yrs, what will be its scope in uk / usa?
From: vaishnavi
is there any danger in studying genetic engineering or biotechnology

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